何謂主動安全指標(Safety leading indicators)？
「安全指標」可以用來確保勞工每天都能平安回家，也能用來了解實際工作過程是否安全無虞。你要如何認定自己是真的做得很好、或是只是好運降臨？近年，我們有兩種術語，分別稱為主動安全指標(Leading indicators) 及滯後安全指標 (Lagging indicator)。
原文對照：The Campbell Institute: What are safety leading indicators?
We humans love to measure everything. Some measurements, like the gas gauge in our car showing how much fuel is remaining, are fantastic. There is a direct correlation with the level of fuel in the tank with having enough fuel to get to where you are going.
Some measurements are not so great, such as with traditional safety measures. Why? Safety traditionally looks at one metric – injuries – to answer the question, “Is it safe?” Unfortunately, this is only a one-dimensional measurement. It can be said that many injuries denotes an issue with a safety program. On that we can agree that success cannot exist if many workers are getting hurt. However, if no workers are getting hurt, does this then imply that all is safe? Perhaps yes and perhaps no. Zero injuries could be the result of a well-executed plan with an equally rigorous process of implementation where the work occurs. However, zero could also be due to sheer luck.
In effect, a balanced approach is necessary. Injuries – or the lack thereof – are a very important measurement. Safety exists to ensure workers go home safely each day. However, it is also important to understand if work is being done safely. Can you determine if you are truly good or simply lucky? In terms of recent vernacular, these two opposing metrics used to create a balanced scorecard are called leading and lagging safety indicators.… <READ MORE>